Risk Assessment Prior to Removal

Risk Assessment Prior to Removal

You are required to submit an application for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment if you are concerned that you may be removed from Canada and will face certain risks.

You can use this opportunity to ask for protection by writing down the dangers you think you would face if you were removed. Therefore, you may remain in Canada if your Pre-Removal Risk Assessment is approved.


In addition, you will find a summary of the components of a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment in this article. You will know for what reasons you are qualified or exempt.

What is a Risk Assessment Before Removal?

In a written application known as a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA), you will be required to explain the reasons why you are afraid to return to your home country. Additionally, you will be required to provide evidence to back up your fear.


Eligibility for the Pre-Approval Risk Assessment

To be eligible for the PRRA, either of the following must be true of you:


Will you be expelled from Canada? or You are not eligible to file a claim for refugee status because you arrived from a country that has an information-sharing agreement with Canada and have already filed a claim there. The United Kingdom, Australia, the United States, and New Zealand are among these nations.

You will also be asked specific questions about your fears and the evidence you provided to support them.


How to Submit an Application for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment First, there is no application fee. However, if this is your first time applying, you will need to wait for an officer from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) to give you an application form before they can remove you from Canada. The application form cannot be accessed online, regrettably.


In contrast, you do not need to wait for the CBSA officer to give you the application form to reapply if you already have a PRRA.

You need to complete the following in order to submit an application for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment:


Complete the application form and send it in.

Instructively, you have 15 days from receiving the form to complete this; and provide evidence to support your fear of returning to your country. Within fifteen days of receiving your CBSA application form, you must submit the proof.

If this is your first time applying, your removal order will temporarily remain after this stage. In other words, unless your PRRA decides otherwise, no one or authority can remove you from Canada. Keep in mind that you must be applying for the first time for this to occur.

Is there any reason why the order won’t be held indefinitely?

For the following reasons, the order will not be put on hold:


You already have a removal order in place at the Point of Entry if you are applying for a PRRA at a Port of Entry because you are unable to qualify for an exception to the Third Country Agreement.

Before a decision is made regarding your PRRA, you could be expelled from Canada.

Consequently, prior to submitting an application for a second Pre-Removal Risk Assessment, you can consult with a lawyer to halt your removal.

Additionally, a lawyer can assist you in completing the application, gathering evidence, and submitting a written statement regarding the likely dangers you might face upon removal from Canada.

What is an order for removal?

A person who lives in Canada is required to leave under this order. There are three types of removal orders, which include:

With a departure order, you are required to leave Canada within 30 days. Nevertheless, you must notify the CBSA (Canada Border Services Agency) prior to departure. The term for this is “confirming your departure.” On the other hand, the order can be referred to as a “deportation order” if you did not leave within 30 days.


Order of exclusion :An exclusion order prevents you from returning to Canada for a year. However, if the misrepresentation is the reason for the exclusion, this may be granted a five-year extension. That is, you provided incorrect or incorrect information, or you deliberately withheld information.

However, if you want to return sooner, you must apply for an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC) through Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).



Order of Deportation If you are deported from Canada, you will never be able to return there in normal circumstances. However, if you obtain written permission from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), this is possible. An authorization to return to Canada (ARC) is issued when this occurs.


Who is ineligible for the Risk Assessment Prior to Removal?

Technically, you can’t apply for a PRRA if your refugee protection claim has been ongoing for more than a year or if your previous PRRA application was denied due to withdrawal or abandonment.

Additionally, a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment is not available to the following individuals:

Persons who are protected and Convention refugees People who are subject to the Extradition Act’s authority to proceed A claimant from a safe third country Certain refugees and previous PRRA applicants

What is the purpose of a risk assessment prior to removal?

You can apply for a PRRA if you are going to be removed from Canada for any reason. You will never be deported to a country where:

You could be tortured, put in danger of discrimination, or treated cruelly, unusually, or indiscriminately.

How to Apply for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment 

If you are eligible, the CBSA officer will give you a form to fill out, and you can apply for a PRRA before you leave Canada.

You must complete the following steps before you can apply:


#Step 1: Complete your application A letter describing the risk you will likely face if you leave Canada and a document demonstrating the risk will be included in your application.


#Step 2: You can submit your application in one of two ways:

Online submission and management of your application or send your application to the Canadian government via mail.

In addition, you have until the deadline to submit your application; If this is the case, your removal order may not be valid.


Because it doesn’t take long for your application to get to the right office, if it qualifies you to stay in Canada, it will be quickly registered.


Is it possible to appeal a PRRA decision?

The Judicial Review will proceed correctly if a stay is granted by the Federal Court. Until the Federal Court renders a final ruling on your appeal, your stay will remain in effect.

How to Submit and Manage Your Online Application Canada Post’s epost Connect service makes it simple to submit an online application. You will have free, private, secure, and confidential access to electronic file transfers here. You can use epost Connect to:

Submit your application and any supporting documents. Get information about your PRRA hearing. If you need to, send more information to the IRCC. Update your personal information and application if things change.
To put it another way, to use your epost Connect, follow the steps in the application guide.

Additionally, ensure that you update your information. You can write to the IRCC using your epost Connect account (or the mailing account listed below) if you made any changes after you submitted your application.

In contrast, you can submit your application via mail to IRCC at:

Humanitarian Migration – Vancouver #300, 800 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6Z0B


Be sure to provide accurate information when applying for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment.

Additionally, you have a good chance of staying in Canada if your application is accepted. In general, be sure to follow directions.



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